# Testing the Backoff-Utils¶

## Testing Philosophy¶

Note

Unit tests for the Backoff-Utils are written using pytest [1] and a comprehensive set of test automation are provided by tox [2].

There are many schools of thought when it comes to test design. When building the Backoff-Utils, we decided to focus on practicality. That means:

• DRY is good, KISS is better. To avoid repetition, our test suite makes extensive use of fixtures, parametrization, and decorator-driven behavior. This minimizes the number of test functions that are nearly-identical. However, there are certain elements of code that are repeated in almost all test functions, as doing so will make future readability and maintenance easier.
• Coverage matters…kind of. We have documented the primary intended behavior of every method in the Backoff-Utils library, and the most-likely failure modes that can be expected. At the time of writing, we have about 80% code coverage. Yes, yes: We know that is less than 100%. But there are edge cases which are almost impossible to bring about, based on confluences of factors in the wide world. Our goal is to test the key functionality, and as bugs are uncovered to add to the test functions as necessary.

## Test Organization¶

Each individual test module (e.g. test_decorator.py) corresponds to a conceptual grouping of functionality. For example:

• test_decorator.py tests the decorator functions found in backoff_utils/_decorator.py

Certain test modules may be tightly coupled, as the behavior in one test module may have implications on the execution of tests in another. These test modules use a numbering convention to ensure that they are executed in their required order, so that test_1_NAME.py is always executed before test_2_NAME.py.

## Configuring & Running Tests¶

backoff-utils/tests/ $pytest --help  ### Configuration File¶ Because the Backoff-Utils has a very simple test suite, we have not prepared a pytest.ini configuration file. ### Running Tests¶ tests/$ pytest

tests/ $pytest tests/test_module.py  tests/$ pytest tests/test_module.py -k 'test_my_test_function'


## Skipping Tests¶

Note

Because of the simplicity of the Backoff-Utils, the test suite does not currently support any test skipping.

## Incremental Tests¶

Note

The Backoff-Utils test suite does support incremental testing using, however at the moment none of the tests designed rely on this functionality.

A variety of test functions are designed to test related functionality. As a result, they are designed to execute incrementally. In order to execute tests incrementally, they need to be defined as methods within a class that you decorate with the @pytest.mark.incremental decorator as shown below:

@pytest.mark.incremental
class TestIncremental(object):
def test_function1(self):
pass
def test_modification(self):
assert 0
def test_modification2(self):
pass


This class will execute the TestIncremental.test_function1() test, execute and fail on the TestIncremental.test_modification() test, and automatically fail TestIncremental.test_modification2() because of the .test_modification() failure.

To pass state between incremental tests, add a state argument to their method definitions. For example:

@pytest.mark.incremental
class TestIncremental(object):
def test_function(self, state):
state.is_logged_in = True
assert state.is_logged_in = True
def test_modification1(self, state):
assert state.is_logged_in is True
state.is_logged_in = False
assert state.is_logged_in is False
def test_modification2(self, state):
assert state.is_logged_in is True


Given the example above, the third test (test_modification2) will fail because test_modification updated the value of state.is_logged_in.

Note

state is instantiated at the level of the entire test session (one run of the test suite). As a result, it can be affected by tests in other test modules.